Over the last few years Natural Lands Trust's Stewardship Staff, which has been doing prescribed fire for more than fifteen years, has been undergoing additional training to comply with new standards and practices which we helped craft. Three of us just completed S-234, Ignition Operations, along with about 30 staff from the Bureau of Forestry, Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources.
Above we are standing around a sandbox—used to model terrain, fire conditions, and our response to manage it. It's a new technique for training courses but we've been using it in-house at Natural Lands Trust for a couple of years now (we use kitty litter instead of sand, and also raid our kids' toy collections). We can create the exact shape of the topography of our preserves and talk about the challenges, responses, and contingencies of a prescribed fire or wildfire there.