One of our local residents of our Burden Hill Forest Preserve is this Northern Red Salamander.
These salamanders grow to a length of just over 7". Although this was a young one, it was already over 6". They may live to an age of over 20 years. Their home range is from New York to Alabama and west to Ohio and Indiana.
Another close relative of this Northern Red is the Eastern Mud Salamander. The easiest way to tell these two species apart is the color of the eyes. The eyes of the Northern Red have a yellow iris, whereas the Eastern Mud has all brown eyes. The Eastern Mud Salamander has a status of Threatened in NJ, and Endangered in PA.
If anyone observes one of these with all brown eyes, please contact us at our NJ field office at 856-447-3425. According to NJ Fish and Wildlife, there has been 4 confirmed sightings of the Eastern Mud Salamander in NJ.